Hippomancy is a form of divination that involves observing the behavior of horses in order to make predictions about the future. The word "hippomancy" comes from the Greek words "hippos," meaning horse, and "manteia," meaning divination.
In ancient times, hippomancy was practiced by various cultures, including the Greeks and the Celts. One common method of hippomancy involved observing the way a horse ate or drank, the direction it faced, or the noises it made. The behavior of the horse was then interpreted to determine whether a particular course of action would be successful, or to predict the outcome of a situation.
The interpretations of hippomancy could vary depending on the specific culture and context in which it was practiced. However, some common interpretations of horse behavior in hippomancy include:
The direction in which the horse faced or moved: It was believed that if a horse faced or moved in a particular direction, such as toward the east, west, or north, it could indicate a favorable or unfavorable outcome for a particular situation.
The sounds the horse made: The sounds a horse made, such as neighing or whinnying, were sometimes thought to indicate different things. For example, a loud and prolonged neigh could be seen as a positive sign, while a quiet whinny might be seen as negative.
The way the horse ate or drank: The way a horse ate or drank could also be interpreted in different ways. For example, if a horse drank a lot of water quickly, it might indicate that a particular project or venture would be successful.
The color of the horse: In some cultures, the color of a horse was also seen as significant. For example, a white horse might be seen as a sign of good luck or purity, while a black horse could be seen as a sign of danger or negativity.
Hippomancy was practiced in different forms in various cultures throughout history. Here are some examples:
In ancient Greece, hippomancy was practiced by observing the behavior of horses during a sacred procession in honor of the goddess Demeter. The horses were led through a temple where they were offered food and water. The way the horses ate and drank was interpreted as an omen of good or bad fortune.
In Celtic culture, horses were highly revered and considered sacred animals. Hippomancy was practiced by observing the behavior of horses during a ritual where they were led through water. The way the horses moved and the direction they faced was interpreted as a sign of what the future held.
In medieval Europe, hippomancy was sometimes practiced by knights before going into battle. The knights would observe the behavior of their horses to determine whether the upcoming battle would be successful or not.
In some Native American cultures, horses were introduced by European settlers and became important symbols of power and freedom. Horses were sometimes used in divination practices, where the behavior of the horse was interpreted as a sign from the spirits.
In ancient Greek literature, the practice of hippomancy appears in works such as the "Iliad" and the "Odyssey" by Homer. In the "Odyssey," the character Calchas uses hippomancy to determine the outcome of the Trojan War. He observes the behavior of horses and interprets their movements and sounds to determine that the Greeks will be victorious.
In medieval literature, the practice of hippomancy appears in the "Chanson de Roland," an epic poem about the battle of Roncevaux Pass. In the poem, the French knight Roland observes the behavior of his horse to determine whether or not he should blow his horn to signal for help. The horse, according to the poem, shakes its mane to indicate that Roland should blow the horn, which ultimately leads to his defeat.
More recently, hippomancy has appeared in works of fantasy and fiction. For example, in J.R.R. Tolkien's "The Lord of the Rings" series, the character Eowyn uses hippomancy to determine the outcome of a battle. She observes the behavior of her horse and interprets its movements and sounds to determine whether she will be successful in her fight against the enemy.
While the practice of hippomancy may seem unusual or even outdated to modern audiences, it has played an important role in the history of divination and mythology. From ancient Greece to medieval Europe to modern works of literature, the practice of observing horse behavior has inspired countless artists and writers and has contributed to our understanding of the complex relationships between humans and animals. Today, while hippomancy itself is not widely practiced, horses remain a beloved and significant symbol in many cultures and continue to provide inspiration for those seeking to connect with the natural world.
Danny is the co-owner of Soul and Synergy, LLC with his husband Terry in Eau Claire Wisconsin and editor of The Divination Society blog and journal. As an accomplished Tarot Card reader, Danny oversees the divination services in the store. Danny has a bachelors degree in Clinical Laboratory Science and a master's in Business Administration. Danny is also a certified Reiki Master and an ordained minister through the Universal Life Church. As an instructor for Basic Tarot and an Advanced Masterclass in Tarot, Danny's passion is teaching others about the value of learning about divination in its many forms.